Global residence and citizenship advisory firm, Henley & Partners, has warned that a vote by the European Parliament to end visa-free travel for Americans to EU countries will have a major impact on global mobility, especially the travel freedom currently enjoyed by US and possibly even EU citizens, if US President Donald Trump retaliates in kind.
The firm is due to publish its annual Visa Restrictions Index within the next 10 days, but the EU backlash against President Trump’s failure to meet the deadline to lift visa restrictions on five EU countries – Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Poland, and Romania – may see America fall out of the top ten on the travel freedom ranking for the first time since it was first published in 2003, it has said.
The Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index is produced in partnership with the International Air Transport Association (IATA). For the past few years, Germany has retained its position at the top of the ranking with visa-free access to 176 countries in total. Sweden has stayed in second place with 175 countries, and the US joined Denmark, Finland, Italy and Spain in third place, with their nationals enjoying access to 174 countries without a visa.
Christopher Willis, managing partner of Henley & Partners Caribbean, said the size and make-up of the 'Top 10' countries on the Visa Restrictions Index has remained largely the same for the past decade but it looks likely that the rapidly changing geopolitical climate will have a dramatic effect on the rankings over the next 12 months.
“We have witnessed major world events that are impacting on global mobility – including Brexit and the election of President Trump. This has led to steps towards restricting movement and creating barriers to entry. This recent trend of suspending visa waiver programs and curbing the travel freedoms of certain nationals is already apparent in the shift in rankings on this year’s Visa Restrictions Index,” explained Mr Willis.
Following the vote, the EU Commission now has two months to reintroduce visas for Americans wishing to travel to Europe, after MEPs agreed the EU is now “legally obliged” to suspend the Visa Waiver Programme (VWP) with the US for a year after the US administration failed to meet a deadline to respond to their visa reciprocity arrangement.
“There is still huge disparity in the levels of travel freedom between countries, despite the world becoming seemingly more mobile and interdependent," Mr Willis added.
"Generally, visa requirements are a reflection of a country’s relationship with others, and take into account diplomatic relationships between countries, reciprocal visa arrangements, security risks, and the dangers of visa and immigration regulation violations. The recent unsettling world climate has prompted an increased emphasis on physical safety and security, motivating high net worth individuals to explore investment migration programs as a means of reducing risk and opening up new opportunities in a rapidly changing and uncertain world.
“For individuals who hold passports of countries with fewer visa waiver agreements, a second or even third citizenship can open up travel opportunities to countries previously restricted by time-consuming visa application requirements and processes. The latest Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index to be published is relevant to both individuals interested in improving their mobility and the quality of their nationality, as well as governments focused on improving the local, regional and global opportunities inherent in their passports,” he concluded.
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